How does the asylum procedure in Belgium work?

Please note!

  • Lumi cannot help you obtain a visa or residence permit.
  • The process of seeking asylum is challenging. Most applications are not accepted. 
  • Belgium currently does not have enough places to house all asylum seekers.


You can apply for internation protection if you fear persecution in your country of origin because of your sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex condition. You can only do this in the country where you want to apply for asylum. 


Before applying for protection, make sure you collect as much information and documents as possible, regarding

  • Your sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex condition
  • Your journey to Belgium
  • Why you fear persecution in your country of origin

Please note: You're not always able to choose the country where you want to apply for asylum. The 'Dublin Procedure' determines  in which country you  can apply for asylum. 


It is important to note that not everyone is recognized as a refugee and the asylum procedure can be challenging, with the majority of applications being rejected. Unfortunately, some rejections are based on stereotypical assessments by case handlers. In the case of rejection, you have the right to reapply. Information about your rights and options can be found in the brochure 'Code 207 No Show'.


How do you prepare yourself for an asylum procedure? 

Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen has a report on 'The International protection of LGB people in Belgium' (Dutch). This report contains a lot of information and tips to prepare yourself.


Collect as much information as possible and start as soon as possible. Provide all documents that can prove why you wanted to flee your country to the asylum authorities as soon as possible.


More info about the asylum procedure


Further questions? The helpline from Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen is open for all questions about asylum and migration. They can guide you to the right organizations if needed.

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